Of Peninsular Malaysia
Treasures - Bujang Valley
1500 Years Old Heritage & Civilisation
Kedah, by virtue of research and historical findings, is the most ancient state in this region. Situated on one of the main transit routes across the Peninsular on the qreat East - West trace route, Kedah became a prosperous centre for settlement and trade in the old days.
Be amazed by the wonders of Malaysia’s earliest civilization at Lembah Bujang Archaeology Museum, exhibiting archaeological collections that serve as evidence to the existence of a vibrant trading center in Southeast Asia from the 3rd to the 12th century AD. Bujang Valley was also known as Nusantara, ‘seat of all felicities’ was the bustling centre of a prosperous kingdom.
Lembah Bujang Archaeology Gallery
Step into an astounding treasure trove of
archaeological wonders. Sprawling some 400
square km, Lembah Bujang or Bujang Valley is the
richest archaeological site in the country. At
the zenith of its fame from the 3rd to the 12th
century AD, Lembah Bujang was a vibrant trading
centre in Southeast Asia. It was hailed
as ’Nusantara’ or the seat of all felicities’ and
was the centre of a flourishing kingdom.
museum showcases nearly 1,000 artifacts that
were recovered from this buried civilisation.
Its two main galleries display various exhibits
that are testament to Bujang Valley’s role as a
centre for trade and religious activities.
Exhibits include earthenware, beads, ceramics,
photographs and many other fascinating relics.
Some 2,500 other treasures recovered from this
site are still being studied. The museum is
situated about 17 km from Sungai Petani.
Lembah Bujang Archaeology Museum has two main galleries that showcase: Southeast Asia's central trading port handling cargo from Arab, Chinese and Indian traders as well as maritime traders from the Malay Archipelago. Architecture and cultural artifacts connected to religion and proving the existence of a Hindu/Buddhist civilisation using Lembah Bujang as an entrepot from the 3rd to the 12th century AD.
Opening hours: 9:00am - 5:00pm daily.
Closed on Hari Raya Aidilfitri and Hari Raya
Admission is free.
Tel: +604 457 2005
Candi Bukit Batu Pahat One Of The Largest Monuments In Lembah Bujang
The Bukit Batu Pahat Shrine is situated on the west of Sungai Batu Pahat. about 3 km north of Kampung Sungai Merbok. Among the remains of this temple are the Siva Candi and 66 sites of wooden poles. It is believed that this monument was made of wood besides granite stones. However, all the wooden poles and roof of the Shrine have deteriorated over the years and do not exist anymore.
The History of Lembah Bujang is steeped in Drama, Culture & Significance
Many centuries ago, a highly civilised ancient Mala kingdom existed in Lembah Bujang. During the 5 century AD, traders from countries such as China, India and the Middle East knew of its existence and fame as an entrepot. This was due to its strategic position along the trade route between the Mediterranean Sea to the West and China to the East. Tamil poets, Arab merchants of the 4th century and I-Tsing, a monk who sailed from China to India, knew of the existence of this civilisation in Lembah Bujang. The Hikayat Merong Mahawangsa (Tales of Merong Mahawangsa) calls it 'Langkasuka'. However, the spread of Islam resulted in the decline of Hindu- Buddhist influence and the port consequently became less important. The emergence of new ports such as Malacca and other cities throughout Southeast Asia also contributed to the deterioration of the port at Lembah Bujang. Today, it continued to develop under the new identity of an Islamic Malay kingdom, now known as Kedah Darul Aman.
Archaeological research in Lembah Bujang was initiated in 1840 by colonial researchers and was only taken over completely by local researchers during the 1970’s. In 1864, Colonel James Low started carrying out research in Lembah Bujang. At the start of the 20th century, two quantity surveyors found the remains of a temple at the peak of Gunung Jerai. From 1920 to 1930 I.H.N Evans carried out research in Lembah Bujang. H.G. Quaritch Wales and his wife Dorothy red discover 30 Candi sites, 29 situated in Lembah Bujang and one in Seberang Prai during the period 1938 - 1939. Alastair Lamb excavated and reconstructed Bukit Batu Pahat Candi (Site 8) in the late 1950’s. In 1961 Paul Wheatley also carried out research on the historical development of Lembah Bujang. The early 1970’s marked a new era of archaeological research in Lembah Bujang, carried out by local archaeologists. The Department of Museum and Antiquity Kuala Lumpur produced many local researchers who have carried out continuous research in Lembah Bujang. Archaeologists from local higher institutions of learning have also been involved in this research.
Recreational Activities For the Whole Family
The surrounding area of Lembah Bujang Archaeology Museum is an ideal place for families as there are many recreational activities available. For instance, the tropical rainforest landscape is full of flora and fauna unique to the region, and is perfect for hiking or picnics. The scenic Sungai Merbok is also suitable for swimming, hiking or picnics. For those interested in agro-tourism, there are paddy fields to visit in the vicinity. Visitors can also enjoy the scenic cascading waterfall located nearby or the view from Gunung Jerai, a 1,380-meter high mountain rising majestically out of the flat landscape in the region. This mountain was considered a sacred mountain during the time of the Hindu-Buddhist influence in Lembah Bujang.
From Sungai Petani From Alor Setar
Treasures - Bujang Valley
Of Peninsular Malaysia